A history and significance of the space race during the cold war

On October 4, the Russians placed the first successful satellite into orbit.

The space race timeline

He was Alan Shepard. But the celebrations were muted at the launch control center until the down-range far east tracking station at Kamchatka received the first distinctive beep But amid the haste, tragedies struck on both continents. Kennedy might never have felt the need to reach for the Moon. An unmanned wheeled Soviet lunar rover called Lunokhod was successfully landed in November He had spent 18 months enduring regular weightlessness training for the exercise. The United States joined the space race about three months later. They got closer and closer to the Gemini ahead of them. As later disclosed, the Soviet Union secretly pursued a crewed lunar program until In the United States, space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension of the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets. Even so, the photos of the Earth rising above the lunar landscape, taken by the early Apollo astronauts, still have a profound effect. In addition, this demonstration of the overwhelming power of the R-7 missile—seemingly capable of delivering a nuclear warhead into U. As a result most people have heard of Sputnik, but few are familiar with the pre-history to Sputnik and commonly assume that the Americans were simply caught unprepared and as a result were outwitted by the Soviets. Everything is all right.

Because —8 was highlighted by scientists as a period of intense solar activity, it was considered a good time to consider having another Polar Year but on a wider scale, hence the Geophysical Year, which was to look at a variety of aspects of the earth and not just the polar regions.

Sputnik I was in orbit around the earth for 3 months after which time it burned up in the atmosphere. Laika orbited Earth for seven days. Much admired despite his highly awkward past, von Braun led the development of the Saturn V rocket for Apollo.

why was the space race important

The target satellite exploded as it separated from its main rocket. The second one could chase the first one, instead of a satellite.

Space race facts

It provided him with oxygen to breathe. In April, , cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin was launched in the vehicle known as Vostok. America is worried. It exploded on the launchpad on 6 December. Everything is all right. But amid the haste, tragedies struck on both continents. The US would likely have had the first satellite in orbit if they had been allowed to use military rockets from the start. Instruments on board made important discoveries about radiation belts surrounding the Earth. It was a dangerous time.

It was much bigger and heavier than Sputnik one. The two countries could not have chosen more different paths. Later that May, President John F. The USA, in contrast, failed to respond effectively, and it took several attempts and several months before launching its own satellite, Explorer I, in January Before Kennedy was assassinated, the Russians and the Americans were discussing working together to put a man on the Moon.

These included long spells in isolation chambers, gruelling sessions in centrifuge machines, and extensive medical tests for fitness. Explorer One went into a higher orbit than either Sputnik.

How did the space race affect the cold war

Our strength, as well as our convictions, have imposed upon this nation the role of leader in freedom's cause. They reunited with the Columbia and headed for home. It was a dangerous time. The attempt failed. Korolev insisted that his rocket, the N-1, could reach the Moon in a single launch, while rival engineer Vladimir Chelomei proposed that his smaller rocket, the Proton, should send separate modules into orbit, where they would dock before heading for the Moon. To start with, the establishment of the IGY itself was largely down to American scientists. He was having such a good time! And we face an extraordinary challenge. But the celebrations were muted at the launch control center until the down-range far east tracking station at Kamchatka received the first distinctive beep Apollo 8 became the first manned spacecraft to leave Earth orbit, reach the Earth's Moon, orbit it and return safely to Earth. NASA injected cash into microchips at a time when few others did.
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The Space Race: Cold War History for Kids ***