Disadvantages of scientific management
Taylors scientific management
This resulted in exploitation of the employees. Post: Gaurav Akrani. The role of Scientific management theory plays a crucial part in developing the nation. They include: 1. A superior standard of goods: With proper rules, regulations and criterions of industrial production; and the helpful effectual leadership the quality of products produced is superior. These are considered a few advantages and disadvantages of scientific management theory. A healthy work environment ensures the efficiency of workers and thereby enhanced production.
It replaces the old system of management rule of thumb method and introduces new and scientific methods. Monotony Separation of planing function from that of doing, and excessive specialization, reduces the work to a mere routine. Unsuitable for Small Firms Since the introduction of Scientific Management involves huge expenditure, small firms cannot afford to adopt it.
It cannot be used in the service sector because in this sector the performance of a person cannot be measured quantitatively.
It offers facilities for specialization and division of labour. It aims to standardize the materials, tools, equipment and methods of work.
Ability to control: The best part of scientific management theorists is that the managers are able to have good control over production. Customer benefits: Since the cost of production is low, consumers will, in turn, pay less amount of money to obtain the best quality commodities.
Here the work or duty of all workers becomes simplified and perfectly detailed; which helps the workers to follow rules and perform better in an efficient and economical manner. Quick decision making: This too is one of the scientific approaches to management benefits.
Advantages and disadvantages of administrative management
Decreased autocracy: The theory stimulates the management to adopt a positive relationship with leadership. This breaks the principle of unity of command, where the workers have to report to only one boss. The workers should never be exploited under any condition and the wages should be proportional to the work done, with higher pay for increased efficiency. They object the introduction of the principles of Scientific Management on the following grounds. Leads to better managerial skills and fosters a positive leadership role with continued observations and research. It aims to standardize the materials, tools, equipment and methods of work. There is no scope for individual preference with this theory. The theory is applied only for certain factories where the performance is measured in a quantitative manner.
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