Pope essay on man epistle one
Or ask of yonder argent fields above, Why Jove's satellites are less than Jove?
An essay on man epistle 2 line by line explanation
In the above example, Pope's thesis is that man has learnt about nature and God's creation through science; consequently, science has given man power, but having become intoxicated by this power, man has begun to think that he is "imitating God". Because the universe is so highly ordered, chance, as man understands it, does not exist. Then say not man's imperfect, Heaven in fault; Say rather man's as perfect as he ought: His knowledge measured to his state and place; His time a moment, and a point his space. Hope humbly then; with trembling pinions soar; Wait the great teacher Death; and God adore. The unreasonableness of his complaints against Providence, while on the one hand he demands the perfections of the angels, and on the other the bodily qualifications of the brutes ; though, to possess any of the sensitive faculties in a higher degree, would render him miserable. Hope springs eternal in the human breast: Man never is, but always to be blest: The soul, uneasy and confined from home, Rests and expatiates in a life to come. Let subtle schoolmen teach these friends to fight, More studious to divide than to unite; And grace and virtue, sense and reason split, With all the rash dexterity of wit. If plagues or earthquakes break not Heav'n's design, Why then a Borgia, or a Catiline? What if the head, the eye, or ear repined To serve mere engines to the ruling mind? A labyrinth-like arrangement was frequently used in eighteenth-century gardening.
Nature to these, without profusion, kind, The proper organs, proper powers assigned; Each seeming want compensated of course, Here with degrees of swiftness, there of force; All in exact proportion to the state; Nothing to add, and nothing to abate. That it is partly upon his ignorance of future events, and partly upon the hope of a future state, that all his happiness in the present depends, ver.
The gen'ral order, since the whole began, Is kept in nature, and is kept in man. See some strange comfort ev'ry state attend, And pride bestow'd on all, a common friend; See some fit passion ev'ry age supply, Hope travels through, nor quits us when we die. Nor foes nor fortune take this pow'r away; And is my Abelard less kind than they?
Kant was fond of the poem and would recite long passages from it to his students. Hope springs eternal in the human breast: Man never is, but always to be, blest.
Still as the sea, ere winds were taught to blow, Or moving spirit bade the waters flow; Soft as the slumbers of a saint forgiv'n, And mild as opening gleams of promis'd heav'n.
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