For example, students in several lower- to middle-income countries who have engaged in alcohol use are at higher risk for psychological distress [ 3 ]. A major strength of NSDUH is its ability to support estimates for all 50 states and the District of Columbia, and the data are collected every year.
Key Informants are not involved in analyzing the evidence or writing the report and have not reviewed the report, except as given the opportunity to do so through the peer or public review mechanism. The reference lists from systematic reviews will be reviewed for the presence of additional primary studies.
The majority of the sample were behaviorally infected with HIV Multivariate ordinal-multinomial cumulative logit analysis, multivariate nominal-multinomial logit analysis, and binominal logit analysis were used to build models illustrating the relationship between risk and protective factors and student alcohol and illicit drug use.
Many youth engage in multiple substance use behaviors 10and the presence of co-occurring substance use and psychiatric illnesses has been associated with poor drug and alcohol treatment outcomes among adolescents 11as well as increased HIV risk behaviors. Efforts should be concerted on early identification, awareness and prevention programs, and routine monitoring of adolescent health data.
Second, we conducted correlation analyses using the phi coefficient to examine the extent to which the substance use outcome variables were correlated with each other.
Longitudinal substance initiation outcomes for a universal preventive intervention combining family and school programs.