This light-hearted style soon enveloped architecture, all forms of interior decoration, furniture, painting, sculpture and porcelain design. Historical background[ edit ] During the Counter Reformationthe Council of Trent —63in which the Roman Catholic Church answered many questions of internal reform raised by both Protestants and by those who had remained inside the Catholic Church, addressed the representational arts in a short and somewhat oblique passage in its decrees.
For the early 17th century, see: Neapolitan School of Painting ; for later developments see: Neapolitan Baroque Painting c. In informal usage, the word baroque describes something that is elaborate and highly detailed.
The small marble basin below was designed at the beginning of the 20th century, when the fountain was moved from its original site on the corner of Via Sistina and recomposed here.
During the 17th century, Rome became again the major religious and cultural centre in Italy. Some of the greatest masterpieces of these artists are in Piazza Navona. The boldness and physical presence of Caravaggio's figures, the life-like approach to religious painting adopted by Velazquez, a new form of movement and exuberance pioneered by Annibale Carracci, and a realistic form of rustic Biblical genre painting, complete with animals, evolved by Castiglione - all these elements were part of the new and dynamic style known as Baroque.
An upsurge in power of the Roman Catholic Church from — saw religious art spread like propaganda, in a style more forceful and emotional than ever before.
The symbolism throughout is of the Holy Trinity. A horse and a lion with long flowing tails inhabit the caves in the hollow rock below, seen from both front and back, and near a scaly sea monster with a snout there is a sea serpent in the water. It rises in the centre of the long and irregular piazza di Spagna.
France had its own more secular relationship with the Baroque, which was closest in architecture, notably the Palace of Versailles.
His baroque manner is clearly evident in paintings that he executed for the Sacchetti family in the s and the vault fresco in the Palazzo Barberini finished in Rome.