Edgar Allan Poe is perhaps the best-known American Romantic who worked in the so-called Gothic mode. What is more, it also questions or attacks rules, conventions and social protocol. They are clearly products of their time, which in terms of literature, is called the Romantic Era.
For Nathaniel Hawthorne literature also seemed to depend on the possibility of the Gothic. He lived his life in poverty, moving from one job to the other and from city to city, yet he is still one of the most widely read American authors today.
Rationalism was a thinking that attempted to use rational thinking and reason to solve the problems being faces at its time. Poe used his own imagination, his life and the people around him as an inspiration for his work.
In England, the Romantic Movement started in the s and continued through to the s. Some aspects of English Romanticism are a new attitude to the role of man in nature, an interest in the medieval period and an emphasis on the need for spontaneity in thought and action.
He was a very dark and depressed man which connected him to the Romanticism movement of his time and also made him an interesting and catching author.
Frequent themes in Romanticism are: imagination, sensitivity, feelings, spontaneity, freedom, introspection, intuition, individualism, nature, solitude, and emotion However in the second line sepulchre is broken down to tomb which has a very real and concrete connotation to all of us.
Hence, Romantic literature places an emphasis on the individual and on the expression of personal emotions. The following discussion is not a comprehensive view of Romantic concepts, but instead, it is intended as a basic guide and explanation for some of the conventions or some of the devices often found in Poe's stories.